In the case Saggar v Ministry of Defence [2005] , it was held that an overseas based employee of a British business, who was a UK resident when recruited or at any time during the course of the employee’s employment, is entitled to bring a discrimination claim in the UK . The claim can be brought even if the employee did no further work in Britain after the move overseas.

After 16 years at a Ministry of Defence base in Britain , Lieutenant Colonel Surinder Nath Saggar was permanently stationed in Cyprus from 1998 and was still there when he made a claim for race discrimination.

The Employment Tribunal decided that Lieutenant Saggar worked wholly outside Britain and could not file a race discrimination claim in Britain . He appealed against this decision to the Employment Appeals Tribunal (“EAT”).

The EAT dismissed the appeal and held that:-

In order for Lieutenant Saggar’s claim to succeed, the EAT would have to look at the whole of his employment from 1982 onwards, and that would be “absurd”;

The EAT was bound by the decision of the Court of Appeal in the case of Carver v Saudi Arabian Airlines [1999] where for the purposes of establishing whether or not a tribunal has jurisdiction to hear a claim, it is necessary to consider whether, at the time of the alleged discrimination, the claimant was wholly or mainly working in Great Britain;
Accordingly, at the time of the alleged discrimination, Lieutenant Saggar worked wholly in Cyprus .
The case went to the Court of Appeal and it was decided that: –

The relevant period for determining whether a claimant worked wholly or mainly outside Great Britain is the whole period of employment;
This approach was supported by the wording in s 8(1) of the Race Relations Act 1976; and
This decision applied equally to all employees even though a person serving in the Armed Forces is not an employee as there is no contract of service.
The matter was remitted to a different tribunal to determine the issue of jurisdiction in accordance with the Court of Appeal’s judgment.

Comment: This is a significant decision in favour of employees. This means that in many cases where employees are posted abroad they are entitled to bring employment claims in the UK . In practice, as well as complying with the rules of the country where employees are working, it would be sensible for employers to apply English employment law standards as well.

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RT COOPERS, 2005. This Briefing Note does not provide a comprehensive or complete statement of the law relating to the issues discussed nor does it constitute legal advice. It is intended only to highlight general issues. Specialist legal advice should always be sought in relation to particular circumstances.

One of the greatest benefits employees can get from their employers is a tuition reimbursement; when an employer compensates the costs of a higher education for the employee. This will benefit both the employee as well as the employer.

The employee is the obvious beneficiary since they are getting their education paid for which is very pricey. Many businesses will only pay for a graduate-level degree. An average public state college costs $10,000 – $15,000 per year whereas an average private college or university can run up to $30,000 per year. With these costs, it takes a well established business to send their employees back to school. If an employee is fortunate enough to find a company that can offer this benefit, they must understand that it does not come without any cost to them. The courses will have to pertain to the curriculum of the company; if an employee decides to take courses out of the curriculum, they will most likely have to pay for it themselves. Also, as some companies will pay all the expenses, some will only pay for part of the total expenses. Many employers base the amount of payment to the grade point average (GPA) of the employee. It is typical that the required GPA is a minimum 3.5; for each point the employees GPA drops, the employer may decrease the compensation. Employees must also understand that they may have to pay for their education up front and the company will reimburse them upon completion. This may alter the choice of courses the employee decides to take at once.

The employers also benefit from the tuition reimbursement. Businesses offer tuition reimbursement for their employees either for the employee to acquire or expand their skills for their current position. With the extra education, an employer will receive employees with all the knowledge and skills they need to be successful in the business, enhancing the productivity of the workplace. The employer can choose the courses or the degree the employee must take to have the program paid for ensuring the quality of the information the employee obtains. The employee will also be able to take on more assignments and finish them with a higher quality performance. Returning to obtain more information will also be guaranteeing the company less employee turnover. As an employer, they can demand that the employee stay with the company for a certain amount of time if they decide to take the tuition assistance; though many employees will not leave the company if they are anticipating the assistance. Along with getting a more qualified employee, employers receive a tax exemption up to $5,252 a year. This is called a qualified tuition program which allows someone to prepay or contribute to a students education expenses.

Apply now to get more information on tuition reimbursement and qualified tax breaks on the distribution for your education costs.

Organizing a large workforce is a tough task that can be overwhelming and stressful at times, but there are some basic logistical rules which every event organizer should abide by. Sticking to these makes it much easier to staff an event.

Recruitment – It’s crucial that you fully understand the size of the workforce required. There’s no point organizing an elaborate event when there aren’t enough staff to do it justice, but at the same time you can’t blow the budget on overstaffing either. It can be tricky to get the right balance when it comes to employee scheduling, so ensure that you invest some quality time in recruiting for your event. Training – You should always try and recruit the right people with the right skillsets. You may pay a bit more in salaries, but will off-set this by getting the job done properly first time and unsupervised. However, if you are unable to do so and your event staff needs to undergo specific training, make sure that this is provided in due course and that everyone fully understands it. You want your team to feel comfortable and confident with the service they will be delivering, so be sure to remain involved and kept updated during the recruitment and training processes.

Shifts – Workforce management can be challenging when holding a large-scale event and ensuring that everyone has access to their individual rota, along with other rota patterns, is vital. You should also remember that you may have a combination of paid and unpaid staff at your event. If you do have volunteers at your event, volunteer management software helps you allocate their shifts and expertise appropriately. Locations – While the majority of events are held on one site, large-scale events can be held across various locations, both domestically and internationally. A sports event management software package can help ease the process of allocating who should be where and when at larger sporting events. It can get extremely confusing when there are so many factors to consider, so try and make things as easy as possible. A stressed and disorganized event organizer is usually unproductive.

Transport – When you hold a multi-site event, always ensure that your staff can get to the various site locations and understand that lateness is unacceptable. Sometimes, if it is tricky to get to a certain site location, it may even be worth considering providing a shuttle bus service to take staff to and from site locations. Even though public transport runs all day in larger cities like London, this isn’t the case in more rural areas. Think about where your event is being held and always listen to your staff. This way, you are guaranteed that your staff will be on site and ready to start their shift on time.

By fully understanding the trends and changes across different business sectors as well as types of websites, SEO agencies like Norwich SEO can certainly offer fresh and new SEO techniques into your web campaign. With the help of Norwich SEO, you can be able to learn on how to properly implement best SEO practices. As a matter of fact, SEO companies allocate their resources for development and research, which is the reason why they can better experiment with different techniques and methodologies of SEO. Because of that, they can even observe test results in order to provide true and tried method that can give return on the clients investment. When you hire the right agency for your business, you should make sure that you can be able to take advantage of the techniques that they are using. That means that you should only hire and the best and reliable SEO agency like Norwich SEO. This is only to protect your business and make sure that your website will succeed for a long time.

You can also use SEO agencies like Norwich SEO as your sounding board in order to offer new and fresh ideas or even more continuing education. In fact, SEO agencies are always ready to answer all your questions, give feedback, and even review the current strategy of your business. SEO agencies actually act as the checks-and-balances resource especially for in-house business owners and marketers in order to make sure that their SEO strategy is effective and efficient. Sometimes, its actually more cost-effective as well as much faster to find a consultant than spend too much resources looking for certain answers in books or online.

Another thing that also helps the clients decides whether they need an SEO agency or not is the availability and reliability of the experts to answer complicated questions. There would be some chances where a certain complex question has already been solved by a certain SEO agency before while working with other businesses so they might already have the best answer for your problems.

Another thing that you may find helpful in your business is the fact that its always good to have someones help in reviewing your strategies as well as auditing your site. When your budget is not that tight, it is a good option to hire a reliable SEO agency in order to provide better website assessment. When you are to choose what company you should hire, it is also important to take recommendations and research thoroughly so you would know if you can trust the company or not.

Foreign Ministers from Southeast Asian nations held discussions in Vietnam ahead of summit meetings this week. The focus of the meetings is regional cooperation but Burma’s controversial election plans, which critics have called a sham, are also expected to be discussed. d.

Foreign Ministers from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations held talks Wednesday in Hanoi.

ASEAN’s ten member nations are Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Among other topics the ministers were expected to discuss Burma’s preparations for November 7 elections, the first in two decades. Critics say they are designed to keep the military in power.

It was not clear if the elections were discussed. But, before the meeting, Indonesia’s Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa told journalists he was pushing Burma for more credible elections. He said it was not too late for Burma’s military leaders to act.

“We are having good-We have been having conversations with our Myanmar [Burma] colleagues and we are not pessimistic, even at this late stage, that we can be part of- We can all work together to ensure that the elections in Myanmar can be part of a solution rather than part of more difficulties ahead,” Natalegawa said.

ASEAN has offered to send observers to the elections to give them more credibility but Burma banned foreign observers and foreign journalists.

Burma’s military is already guaranteed a quarter of all seats in the elections, has sidelined opposition parties, and refused the vote to millions of ethnic minorities.

Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy won Burma’s last elections in 1990 but the military ignored the results and has kept the Nobel Prize winner under house arrest for most of the time since.

The Philippines Foreign Secretary Alberto Romulo told journalists the elections did not look credible.

“The point is will there be credible elections if Aung San Suu Kyi and the others are not a part of it? It’s not the observers. It’s the participation of all,” said Romulo.

The ASEAN foreign ministers meeting came one day before leaders of ASEAN countries meet in Hanoi for talks focusing on building a regional community similar to the European Union.

The ASEAN heads of state will meet with United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon who has called for Aung San Suu Kyi and other political prisoners in Burma to be released.

They will also meet with leaders of China, Japan, and South Korea and be joined over the weekend by leaders of Australia, India and New Zealand for the East Asia Summit.

Russia and the United States will attend as observers and be officially invited to join the group in 2011.

Have you been a parent who is seeking to go back to the workforce after one year or even more to be a full-time at-home parent? If so, you could be looking for some tips that focus on carrying out a job seek out former housewives. Please keep reading on for many helpful tips.

Don’t assume you can not use your experience like a stay-at-home mom over a resume or job application. Yes, you weren’t actually paid for work, but a full-time parent performs an array of tasks. A number of these tasks could work in your favor, specially when you’ve got no other recent experience to include. For instance, you have excellent time management skills, would be the queen of multi-tasking, etc. Make an effort to spin these pluses in your resume or during a meeting.

Consider a career working together with children. For this example that you simply spent the past 3 years staying in home along with your now entering Pre-K child. Every day was spent providing on the job support, care, and education in your child. This really is great experience that can be from your resume when applying for jobs working with children. Once you affect be an aide your child’s school, a daycare assistant in a local daycare center, and so on; there is a hands-on experience that lots of hiring managers wish all job hunters had.

Should you may have learned that you’d like employment outside working with children, but if you are still concerned with your lack of skill, this is a good idea to work on gaining some experience. Why not improve in your skills? Return to school part-time or nights to further your education. Require a nightly training course down at your neighborhood college or vocational center to brush through to your computer skills, typing skills, and more. Most courses offer you a certificate of completion and these courses could be put into resumes. Relevant education and training is recommended, but volunteer experience can do wonders too.

Plan in advance whenever possible purchasing to accomplish a job seek out former stay at home moms, like yourself. You will find an incredible number of men and women that are actively hunting for a job at this moment. A number of these job hunters were recently laid off from work. This means that until months or a last year, these were actively employed. They will have more recent job experience than you need to do. Don’t count yourself out at this time, but plan ahead. Make use of this time and energy to score volunteer work to add to your resume, require a training course as pointed out, and start obtaining as numerous jobs as possible. It may take you 1 week or it may take you 3 months to discover a job. There is no such thing as planning too far ahead when it comes to going back to the workforce.

Because every single candidate submits their resume with the same mandate, it is critical that you provide an employer with the kind of information that makes them want to meet you personally. Your resume is your ‘Golden Ticket’. It is the only way that you can secure that all important meeting and give yourself an opportunity to demonstrate on a face to face basis the certain contribution you can make for a new employer.

Understanding an employer’s requirements is of paramount importance when creating a resume and cover letter. That is not to say that you develop a resume that only responds to a specific job specification or advertisement. It means that you need to understand the employer’s requirements and demonstrate where your experience and expertise has met each of these requirements for a previous employer. It means matching your knowledge and abilities to the position and demonstrating an ability to make an immediate and significant contribution.

Employers want to hire employees who can think on their feet and who have a proven ability to hit the ground running. Your resume must reflect this. It must blend your professional experience with the very characteristics that are inherent to you personally. It is this mix that will market you as a candidate of choice and generate that all-important interview.

Remember, your resume really does count so you have to take it seriously. Don’t underestimate the power of your resume in your job search or salary negotiations. The salary negotiation is obviously the most unpleasant part of the job searching process. It is difficult to negotiate terms for both salary and benefits as you strive to create a positive impression with a new employer. The hiring manager undoubtedly holds the cards in this situation as they can afford to set terms without losing face. The candidate who argues or stubbornly refuses to move within the negotiation process risks the wrath of the hiring manager before setting foot inside the door. For this reason, it is critically important that your resume determine a solid baseline. If your resume sets your salary at a higher rate than expected the negotiations can only go one way, as you will have nothing to risk. You will be in a position to start at a higher dollar amount and can therefore secure a higher salary without conflict.

You maintain strong professional relations with your potential employer and secure a better salary. It makes for a good working relationship and great career prospects!

Being a phlebotomist is a rewarding career. Phlebotomists are actually skillful clinical staff that work with patients devoid of the worries associated with being a medical doctor or registered nurse. Phlebotomists take blood for evaluation, the results of which physicians use as an important diagnostic tool. Just like most health care employees, getting started as a phlebotomist usually requires a good education. Learning to be a phlebotomist requires studying and knowing human anatomy and physiology, blood taking techniques, safety protocols, first aid and CPR.Getting to be a phlebotomist begins with high school. Phlebotomists need to have a high school diploma or equivalent.

Phlebotomists then complete a phlebotomy certification program. Phlebotomy courses can be available through colleges, numerous hospitals, on the internet, occupational and vocational schools. There are 3 choices of phlebotomy programs: certificate, associate, and bachelor’s degrees. Certification training courses are the most typical with students that have the intention of becoming a phlebotomist. Certification courses last for 12 weeks up to 1 year and run you $1500 to $3000 to finish. Associate and bachelors degrees demand two to four years and cost as much as ten times more than certificate programs. An individual interested in becoming a phlebotomist want to be certain to take a course which has been accepted by the United states Department of Education, the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NAACLS), or similar agencies.

Recognized or accredited programs match the specifications and guidelines set by two necessary institutes, the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).Being a phlebotomist does not end on graduation from a training course. Certification is the next step in getting to be a phlebotomist. Although not mandatory by law of working phlebotomists, except in California and Louisiana, many employers would not employ non-certified phlebotomists. Having certification signifies that the phlebotomist is adequately knowledgeable with collection procedures and techniques as well as standard practices and protocols.

Certification is provided via ten nationally acknowledged certifying agencies. These agencies include the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), the National Center for Competency Testing (NCCT), and the National Phlebotomy Association (NPA). Phlebotomists must apply for accreditation (which often may be submitted online) then successfully pass a standardized test.

Those attracted to a career in the medical field ought to look at becoming a phlebotomist. Presently there is definitely a shortage of qualified people, because the health care industry is consistently expanding due to an aging general public. The fact is that, the US Bureau of Labor forecasts a 14% boost in employment prospects from 2006 to 2016. Phlebotomists earn an average hourly wage of $12.84 and an typical yearly income of $26,710. Many companies provide employee benefits to phlebotomists, including vacation, paid sick days and accessibility to healthcare and pension plans.

Income tax is a sort of tax that is paid by public to the country according to their income earned throughout the year. In fact, the fund collected through the income tax is used of the welfare of nation. It is necessary for government employee and self-employed persons to pay their income tax return. Some people find it a very hectic process to pay the income tax on due time. A big sum of revenue comes from collecting income tax from every segment of people. People can easily solve their income tax problems with the help of some income tax tips that are given by various websites. You only need to search these websites and put your problems at their desk to find out the quick response.

Bygone are days when you had to spend many days in preparing your income tax detail in order to pay it. Now internet has solved your all problems with ease and you can easily prepare, as well as file your income tax in no times. If you have computer at home or even office, just spend a few hours in preparing your documents to pay income tax, which is now at your finger tips. Stop spending your valuable days in the traditional preparation of income tax and save your time by preparing it online.

Income tax tips are available in different forms and the most general tips are availed straightly from the customers. Some income tax tips may be shared with others and you can find your share from your colleagues. Now, you can even file your income tax online without standing in queue. In fact, there are many more websites available online that take your all hassles regarding income tax and do everything on your behalf. Though they charge some money from you but its a good way to pay the income tax without falling in harsh conditions. They even provide you with the documents and other essential details about your income tax.

Now nothing is hectic, do everything in a simple way! Every country has a different way of calculating and ratio of imposing the income tax on their subjects, however the ultimate purpose of availing the income tax is to use for the well-being of the country, public and even universe. Now you would never feel it a Herculean task filing your income tax taking assistance from websites.

If you are not aware that there are actually government seized car auctions for you to go to, getting a new car has indeed a terrifying process. Besides, buying a brand new one is only a considerable option for those who are financially capable. Given the fact that you can actually ask for financial assistance from banks to purchase a new car, there is a great possibility that you might fail to comply your financial obligations with the bank. You need to realize that repossessed car market has become a productive market for individuals who seek to buy huge assets like secondhand cars. Government seized car auctions has a wide array of cars that you can choose from if you wish to purchase a car of your own.

Government impounded car auctions have assorted car models and makes. Such repossessed cars range from old to new models, from utility vehicles up to the most comfortable cars. Repossessed car markets are almost identical as the typical car dealership markets. However, the two car markets might differ on the execution of sales because in repossessed car markets, cars are sold fast at affordable prices. You just need to do a frequent visit to some government seized car auctions to see its displayed secondhand cars and get your most desired one.

So, why settle for a brand new car at the mainstream car dealership markets if this would leave you in a pool of debt? Why not consider buying repossessed car at some car auctions so avoid further financial problems? Besides, buying repossessed cars at some government seized vehicle auctions can give you a great chance of grabbing one at still perfect condition at amazing discounted price. It takes you only to take hold of auction information from your local newspapers and simply follow the details of the auctions.

Before going to public bidding at government impounded car auctions, you need to personally contact the proper authorities responsible for the car auctions for any inspection arrangements. This step will usher you to decide whether to participate in the auction or not, as you are given the chance to personally see the car you want to purchase. In case you fail to get your most desired car at your first visit at auction venue, you just have to consider frequent visit in some car auctions. To make your secondhand car hunting worthwhile, try to widen your auction searches so to finally settle your dream car at some government seized car auctions.